The United Nations defines trafficking in persons as
‘the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people through the use of threats, force, coercion, abduction, fraud or deception, for the purpose of exploitation.’
Slavery is defined internationally as
the condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised, including where such a condition results from a debt or contract made by the person.'
These definitions form the basis of the Australian crimes of human trafficking and slavery in the Commonwealth Criminal Code.