STOP THE TRAFFIK has identified 10 components which contribute to ending human trafficking and child labour

Annual Third Party Auditing Against International Standards Chocolate supply chains are annually audited by a Third-Party to International Standards. Partial if less than 80% of their supply chain is audited to these standards

Traceability to Farm Level The location of sourcing farms is mapped with more than 10% of total number of farms visited annually.  Partial if location of source farms is mapped. 

Committed to Sustainability Logo on 100% of Products Communication to consumers is provided on chocolate products (usually via a logo) showing that farm conditions are monitored for human trafficking and efforts have been made to eliminated it. We also look for an associated goal of having 100% of products carrying logo by a nominated date.  Partial if have a certification goal but will not be putting a label on products.

Ensuring a Living Income A commitment to working with other stakeholders to ensure a living income for cocoa farmer families, specifically through an adequate price being paid for cocoa.

Active Child Labour Monitoring An ‘Active Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System’ (CLMRS) in all communities from where cocoa programme is operated. Partial if in the implementation phase.

Community Development Program with External Impact Assessment Community-based poverty alleviation initiatives with impact assessment by an external organisation and the results publicly reported. Partial if the programs exist. Full if they are externally assessed and reported on publicly. 

Community Action Plan Devised Through Local Participation Community Action Plans with cocoa growing communities are devised with local participation and decision- making into the programme structure. Partial if Community Action Plan exists. Full if devised through local participation.

Increasing Access to Education for Children Improving access to education for children in rural communities through school, toilet and/or canteen building, school feeding programmes and/ or obtaining birth certificates. 

Program to Increase Farmer Yields  Economically empowering farmers through agricultural or business training to increase productivity and income. Effectiveness of training programmes being measured over time by tracking yield and income increases. 

Programs for Female Empowerment and Youth Inclusiveness Investing in gender empowerment and youth-inclusive programmes which aim to build resilient communities and a strong cocoa growing culture. Partial if either a gender empowerment initiative or youth inclusiveness program. Full if both initiatives or programs. 

The Six Big Chocolate Companies in Summary

STOP THE TRAFFIK first wrote to Darrell Lea in 2009. When they went into receivership we stopped campaigning and waited until the new owners were announced in 2012. We put our campaign on hold until they were back on their feet. Since 2014 we have sent postcards, made phone calls and written letters, all with no success.  We are not aware of Darrell Lea having any program or actions aimed at ending child labour and human trafficking.

Order postcards, addressed to Klark Quinn, the owner and Tim York, the CEO, and asking them to take steps to remove the secret ingredient of human trafficking from Darrell Lea's chocolate products.

SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Ferrero has committed to 100% certification of their cocoa supply by 2020 as the necessary baseline of sustainability.9 Through its partnership with Fairtrade, Ferrero has committed to the development of cocoa growing communities in Côte d’Ivoire. Child protection is one of the main focuses across their community development work.

In Ghana, Ferrero has also developed the Ferrero Cocoa Community Commitment (F3C) which aims to improve farmer productivity and improve social conditions.

SUCCESSES

1. Committed to 100% certification of cocoa and cane sugar by 2020.

2. Partnered with the Ghanaian government to develop a context specific strategy to combatting child labour on Ghanaian cocoa farms.

3. Publicly categorise Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana as areas of high risk for Worst Forms of Child Labour. 

 

LIMITATIONS

1. Limited emphasis on community or social development.

2. Progress is conveyed mainly through the percentage of certified cocoa purchased rather than via monitoring and evaluation of programme impact and outcomes.

3. No publicly available impact reports on Ferrero Farming Values programme.

4. Ferrero does not use certification logos on their products and therefore provide no point of sale communication to consumers about the steps they are taking. 

 

For more information on Ferrero’s  initiatives see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 

Haigh's Chocolates is one of Australia’s favourite chocolate companies and has chosen a partnership with UTZ as a practical way of demonstrating their commitment to sustainability which includes ending child labour and human trafficking in the production of cocoa. They began with certifying their Easter range in 2014 and now more than 85% of their chocolate and 100% of their Easter collectionis made using UTZ certified cocoa . They plan to be at 100% in the next 2-3 years. Haigh's chocolates can be purchased online at www.haighschocolates.com.au/

SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Hershey has embraced verified voluntary best practice through certification, having committed to 100% certification by 2020. 50% of their current cocoa bean supply is certified. The aim for 2017 is 75%. They are also moving towards adopting a community-based approach, through their Learn to Grow programme.

Learn to Grow is a farmer training programme that aims to increase productivity and improve farmer livelihoods. In 2015, 31,102 farmers across 464 cocoa communities took part in Learn to Grown — 16% of those farmers were women.

SUCCESSES

1. Have committed to 100% certification by 2020.

2. Moving towards community development initiatives and encouraging community participation in determining the direction of local development.

3. 16% of those engaged in the ‘Learn to Grow’ farmer training programme are women

 

LIMITATIONS

1. Lack of transparency regarding supply chain, such as the value of premiums paid to farmers.

2. Limited public information available on their West African initiatives.

3. Having newly embraced community development, Hershey has a long way to go to reach all cocoa farmers they source from.

 

For more information on Hershey’s  initiatives see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 

SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Rather than going down the certification route, Lindt & Sprüngli have opted for company control of their entire supply chain, from farm to factory. Lindt & Sprüngli have devised their own verification framework which monitors child labour on farms and adherence to the company’s standards of best practice. It is externally verified by The Forest Trust.

In 2008 they established the Lindt & Sprüngli Farming Program which aims to improve cocoa yields while also focusing on agricultural and community development to encourage farmers to continue farming cocoa in the future. The goal is to foster pride in, and ultimately local ownership of, the development programme.

SUCCESSES

1. 100% of cocoa bean supply chain is traced and externally verified by The Forest Trust.

2. Community participation in the development of the programme.

3. 100% of cocoa farms are visited and monitored on an annual basis.

LIMITATIONS

1. Child labour monitoring is via 250 Lindt & Sprüngli field agents rather than a community based system.

2. No published impact reports.

3. The social side of their Farming Program still needs to expand.

For more information on Lindt & Sprüngli’s initiatives see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 

 

SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Mars is committed to 100% certification of its cocoa bean supply chain by 2020 as its primary sustainability endeavour. In addition, Mars is investing in local community development through its Vision for Change (V4C) programme, which has a strong emphasis on gender empowerment.

Mars acknowledges that through a programme of its own it cannot reach every farmer in the supply chain. Thus their hope with certification is that it can ‘reach further down the supply chain than we could on our own.’

SUCCESSES

1. 50% of Mars chocolate is currently certified. Committed to 100% certification by 2020.

2. Aiming for community ownership of Child Labour Monitoring Systems.

3. Strong emphasis on empowering female farmers. Mars has published an external impact report on Vision for Change’s gender empowerment programme.

 

LIMITATIONS

1. Lack of transparency regarding origins of cocoa beans supply and premiums paid to farmers.

2. No publicly available reports on the impact of Vision for Change’s community development or child labour strategies.

3. Vision for Change started as a pilot project in 2010. Mars Chocolate has only recently started to incorporate Vision for Change farmers into their supply chain.

 

For more information on Mars initiatives see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 

 

SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Cocoa Life is a long-term cocoa sustainability programme that aims to create a strong supply chain while transforming the lives and livelihoods of farmers and their communities. Cocoa Life aims to reach 200,000 cocoa farmers over a ten-year period.

Cocoa Life has five key focus areas: Farming; Community; Livelihoods; Youth; and Environment.

At present the Cocoa Life programme supplies 21% of their cocoa beans. Their ultimate goal is to source 100% of their cocoa beans sustainably.

In 2017, Cocoa Life will start supplying the cocoa for all Cadbury products in the UK and Ireland, which will start to bear the Cocoa Life label from May onwards.

SUCCESSES

1. Putting farmers first. Listening to what they want to happen in their communities.

2. Investing in community development to tackle the root causes of child labour and human trafficking.

3. Commissioned an external report on the child labour and human trafficking situation in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana with recommendations for Mondelēz

 

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LIMITATIONS

1. Only just introducing Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation Systems. Their aim is to have them fully functional across Ghana by the end of 2017 and will start implementing them in Côte d’Ivoire in 2017.

2. No projected date for achieving 100% sustainability.

3. Given the relatively recent implementation of Cocoa Life, its level of impact is still to be seen.

 

For more information on Cocoa Life see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 


SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY

Nestlé have taken a combined approach of certification and investment in local cocoa communities. The Nestlé Cocoa Plan focuses on increasing farmer yield as well as child protection, through the construction of schools in areas where access to educational facilities is limited.

The Nestlé Cocoa Plan is externally verified via certification. In Côte d’Ivoire 76% of Nestlé Cocoa Plan cocoa beans are certified by UTZ and 12% by Fairtrade. In Ghana 100% are certified by UTZ.

Nestlé makes the case that certification is not enough and that further approaches are needed to improve livelihoods and drive rural development. Thus, they devised the Nestlé Rural Development Framework, a policy document on developing sustainable producer communities.

100% of Australian and New Zealand manufactured chocolate bars and beverage Milo are certified with UTZ.

 

SUCCESSES

1. The most comprehensive Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System with independent impact assessments by the Fair Labor Association (FLA). FLA reports are publicly available.

2. The most transparent company at actively reporting the number of children found in the worst forms of child labour and trafficking.

3. Focus on education and keeping children in school to minimise exploitation. 

LIMITATIONS

1. Emphasis on local input into community development projects in the start-up of the programmes has been limited. However, through CocoaAction Nestlé are starting to incorporate local voices by drawing up ten community action plans in 2016.

2. No commitment date for 100% certification world-wide has been given. (100% of Australian, New Zealand and UK produced products are certified.) 

For more information on the Nestlé Cocoa Plan see the full report at: www.stopthetraffik.com.au/chocreport/ 

 

 
 
 

Aldi Australia

Aldi Australia has long supported ethically and sustainably sourced chocolate. All of ALDI's exclusive range of chocolates are 100% UTZ, Fairtrade of Rainforest Alliance certified, including their seasonal ranges for Easter and Christmas. 


Big W and woolworths

Woolworths Corporate Responsibility Strategy for 2020 (people, Planet and Prosperity) includes their commitment (Number 11) to 'Source key raw materials and commodities sustainably to an independent standard by 2020.' They also commit to raise awareness of sustainably sourced products and to obtaining sustainability certification on all their own branded chocolate by 2020.


Coles

Coles 'Ethically Certified Cocoa, Coffee and Tea Policy' states they 'are committed to use certified cocoa, coffee and tea in all relevant Coles Brand products by 1 January 2020. Certifications accepted under this policy are: Fairtrade, UTZ and Rainforest Alliance.' 

 

Kmart and Target

The Wesfarmers Department Stores Kmart and Target, are implementing a Sustainable Cocoa Policy. All cocoa ingredients used in Kmart Australia and Target Australia brand products must be sourced through one of our preferred sustainable cocoa standards which are Cocoa Horizons (Barry Callebaut); andUTZ (any certified supplier will be accepted). The timeline for compliance is 30th June 2019. However, implementation should commence as soon as a practicable. 

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Fairtrade focuses on addressing the inequalities in the global value chain. They aim to overcome the unfair deal farmers around the world receive through their Fairtrade Premium, to support holistic local development, advocating for trade justice and giving farmers a voice. This premium is paid to co- operatives who democratically decide how to invest it – either by giving it to farmers or investing in local projects. Community development projects are generally funded either through this premium and/or external funding from governments or NGOs. In the cocoa sector, Fairtrade certi es cooperatives. They currently certify 108 cooperatives, 10 in Ghana and 98 in Côte d’Ivoire. Figures of the actual number of farms covered was not available. 

 

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Rainforest Alliance’s two main objectives are environmental conservation and protection and improved livelihoods and wellbeing of farmers. While their environmental focus is hugely important given the urgency of climate change, for the purpose of this report they were assessed only on their child labour and human trafficking strategies. Their certification is based on the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) Standard which has been used to certify 211,878 farms worldwide. 63.6% of Rainforest Alliance certi ed cocoa is grown in Côte d’Ivoire, while 14.9% is Ghanaian. Of the three certi ers, they have the most recently updated supplier code (the 2017 SAN Standard), which includes ‘zero tolerance’ on child labour, forced labour and human trafficking. They also have the most comprehensive remediation strategy of the three certifiers that will be introduced into the new SAN Standard. 

UTZ focus on improving farmer livelihoods and enabling them to compete in the global market place. They do this through training workshops on topics such as agricultural practices, business skills and safety standards, with the goal of increasing productivity. They aim to make farming sustainable for farmers and for the planet. 100% of certi ed farmers partake in this training. An aspect of the training includes child protection and the importance of education. Their approach to monitoring child labour combines prevention, monitoring and remediation, which includes the appointment of a community liaison person in each cocoa growing community. They certify both farmer groups or co-operatives and individual farmers. Over 53% of UTZ certi ed cocoa comes from Côte d’Ivoire. 18% comes from Ghana. In 2015, there were more than 465,000 UTZ certi ed cocoa farmers – around 9% of the world’s cocoa farmers. This includes more than 193,000 in Côte d’Ivoire and more than 92,000 in Ghana.